Digital Loan Origination Process: Integrity and Automation

March 24, 2020  By HES FinTech
Digital Loan Origination Process: Integrity and Automation


If you ask lenders to come up with the definition of the term “loan origination”, every one of them will see it differently. The process of loan origination (or borrower onboarding) includes several steps when taking an application to final approval or rejection. Besides, loan types vary, and so do approval processes for each type. Even though the steps in processing a loan may be different for each provider, many lenders would agree that data-driven loan origination systems (LOSs) are great tools for risk officers. Such loan management software reduces manual processes through automation, and helps to meet the variety of challenges facing the lending industry.

Loan Origination and the Challenges in the Lending Market

One such challenge is the ever-growing list of regulations put in place as a response to fraudulent behavior and Ponzi-like schemes carried out by non-established players in multiple countries, especially in Southeast Asia. On a global scale, the regulation of the alternative lending market has evolved significantly in recent years, but the introduction of regulations is still a major challenge for both regulators and fintechs. On the one hand, regulatory policies must work toward the broad financial inclusion of the underbanked. On the other hand, regulations must address a set of risks that could compromise the whole lending industry. The regulatory efforts in the United Kingdom represent a practical model to follow on account of flexible local regulation conditions. New additions to legislation contain specific points that need to be accounted for, and a proper LOS can help lenders adhere to regulatory compliance while optimizing their workload.

From a business perspective, the efficiency of a modern lending organization depends on how wisely its staff uses technology resources. Lenders that don’t have a single LOS platform in place have to manage all types of loans differently. In general, the process is as follows: a client submits a loan application along with all necessary documents, and then risk officers manually check the completeness and correctness of the (usually dozens) of documents. This paper-based approach often results in inconsistent decisions and affects profitability as it takes a lot more time to process each client’s case. Additionally, it usually leads to errors that deeply affect the quality of a lending organization’s services.

Tough competition in today’s lending market is also playing its part. Modern customers are well-informed of the potential lending options available to them. If for any reason a lending company doesn’t process a loan application promptly, clients can simply switch to another firm in no time.

Advantages of the Digital Loan Origination Process

Automation, whether you think it’s just a marketing buzzword or not, has already increased the efficiency of numerous industries worldwide including finance and banking. Lending is no exception.

A well-structured application processing system allows institutions to optimize decision-making and saves borrowers’ time, thereby making their services accessible to a wider audience. Analytical tools within the system provide additional value by allowing lenders to continually improve efficiency and loan performance.

  • A single centralized system
  • Compliance with lending regulations
  • Reduced loan approval time
  • Elimination of manual loan processes
  • A faster and more accurate underwriting process
  • Better customer relationship management
  • Fraud detection
  • Simple and easy lending audits
  • Diminished risks of data compromise

Developed using cloud and web technologies, a loan origination process flow provides better customer experience and eliminates paper documents. The Federal Reserve 2016 survey claims that nearly 50% of borrowers found the application process to be difficult. For lenders, most business activities begin with an incoming loan request from a client. In light of this, investing in a single-platform automation solution might be the best choice for lenders looking to scale up and beat the competition.

Questions to Ask Your LOS provider

When choosing a technology partner, it’s best to ask a potential LOS provider the following questions:

  • Can the solution support onboarding both individuals and legal entities?
  • Can the solution process applications from different channels?
  • What data sources can be connected at the stage of onboarding?
  • Is the design responsive?
  • Is there a mobile app? Is there a basic configuration for a mobile application? Is it possible to make a mobile application on our own and connect to your system?
  • Is the solution able to extract data from photos and documents?
  • Is there an opportunity to implement a face recognition feature?
  • Can I add multiple languages?

All these questions make it easier to understand (and recreate) the key attributes of a loan origination system just the way you want it.

Conclusion

There’s one more aspect to talk about: with all the high-profile scandals in the industry, there’s a need to create a healthier ecosystem for regulators, borrowers, and lenders. But what exactly does that mean? Rather than focusing solely on profits, lenders should add more transparency to their businesses. Within a lending organization, transparency is the key to providing borrowers with clear info on the progress of their loan application and their annual percentage rate (APR) so they can make informed decisions. The domain of finance requires responsible innovations, and loan origination systems provide just that. Overall, the lending industry should provide borrowers with convenient access to capital on reasonable terms.

When talking about challenges in the lending industry, one must realize that the adoption of automated loan underwriting procedures is a challenge in itself. But as the competition is getting tougher, efficient software deployment strategy means the difference between a growing client account portfolio and just making ends meet.